August 20, 1862, Prince Gong proposed the regulation of Tongwenguan (School of Combined Learning) to the court. School of Combined Learning was mainly teaching foreign languages, but also instruct Westren Learning. Studying foreign languages and translation is the foundation of learning from the West, our institute has quite a few studies on these topics, you may refer to: Wang Shu-hwai, "The Unification of Translated Terms in Late Ch'ing Period" and Huang Ko-wu, "Beginning a New Career in Translation: Yan Fu at the Northern Naval College".
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