October 6, 1860, British-French joint troop defeated the Qing army at the northwest suburb of Beijing. Then French people took Yuanming garden and started violent rubbery and destructions. Yuanming garden is the most symbolic garden in the Qing history. Its rapture marks deeply in Chinese historical memory. About the history of the garden, you may refer to a report of our research finding: Wang Jung-tzu, "Qing Emperor's Paradise and Lost Paradise", in Hsiung Ping-chen and Lu Miaw-fen, Neo-Confucian Orthodoxy and Human Desires: Post / Modernity in Late Imperial Chinese Culture.
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