November 3, 1908, the Qing court granted the visiting Dalai XIII with a special honored title, and urged him to go home immediately. As a multi-ethical empire, Qing utilized Tantrist Buddhism to maintain its relationship with Mongolia and Tibet. The connections could be traced back before ruling China. For details you may refer to our Bulletin: Wang Jun-zhong, "The Relationship between"Manchu" and "Manjusri" and A Discussion of "Leaders" and "Bodhisattvas" in the Tibetan Politico-Religious History".
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