December 30, 1878, the court was worried about the Russian's ambition in Manchuria, asking the General of Shengjing to make sure the defense. There has been a long history for the Russians to covet Manchuria. It was until late Qing then they started to acquire some advancement. After the acquisition of large territories in the Xianfeng era, the Russians still wanted more and caused endless quarrels in the late Qing. For details of the territory controversies, you may refer to our research finding: Chao Chung-fu, Sino-Russian Negotiations over the Manchurian Border Issue, 1858-1911.
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