January 8, 1900, the first Chinese capital department store -- Sincere was opened in Hong Kong. Department store first appeared in Western Europe and North America in the latter half of the nineteenth century. It is usually considered as a symbol of modernization, as well as the landmark of new styled city such as Shanghai. The department store not only changes the consumption and leisure in everyday life, but also creates new form of employment. For details you may refer to our research finding: Lien Ling-ling, "Everyday Life as an Arena of Power Relations:Department Store Clerks in Republican Shanghai".
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