March 23, 1916, Yuan Shikai announced to cancel the reign name Hongxian. This year was still Republican 5th year. Not long later he passed away in disgrace. In his earlier years, Yuan contributed greatly to the Qing Empire, and the famous figures such as Li Hongzhang highly evaluated him. Regretfully he coveted the throne and defamed himself. Even though, Yuan is still an important figure in modern history. Regarding his characters, his personal letters should be useful references. For details you may refer to our collected materials: Letters from Yuan Shi-kai.
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