June 1, 1945, the Cess Office of the Department of Food was formally established. China used to stand on agriculture. Despite the situation changed in the modern period, the land tax was still an extremely important income for Chinese government before its successful modernization. Regarding this crucial turning, you may refer to our research finding: Lee Yu-ping, "From the Tax State to the Enterprise State: 'The Chinese Agricultural Economy Society's Critics toward the Nationalist Government's 'From Tax Country to Enterprise State--- Some Critics of China's Farmer Economic Association toward the Policy of Land Tax in Kind in Nationalist China during the late Second World War Period", in Collection of Articles on the Modernization of China.
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