June 7, 1907, Japan ordered to have South Manchurian Railway Company established. SMRC was an important organization for Japan to invade China. However, its detailed survey turned out to become precious materials for studying modern Chinese history. For details you may refer to our research finding: Huang Fu-ching, "The Social Survey by the South Manchurian Railway Company-An Appraisal of Its 'Investigation Report on the Traditional Norms in Manchuria'".
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