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主講人：Prof. Jaroslav Strnad（捷克科學院東方研究所）
摘要：The short war waged in the autumn of 1962 between India and China for disputed territory in High Himalayas had a long-term devastating effect on the relations between the two Asian powers. The roots of the problem are to be sought in the colonial period of Indian history, when the one-sided British furthering of territorial claims in the absence of a strong and determined adversary led, paradoxically, to parallel existence of several alternative frontier lines with no fixed and clearly demarcated border along the extended Indo-Tibetan boundary. The new power configuration that emerged in the regions of South and East Asia in the wake of the World War II and the following decolonization introduced new players to the game of international politics; however, the roles played by them were often inherited from the actors of the past era. It was the general framework of the bipolar world system and the Cold War that represented a new element in traditional rivalries and injected new dynamism into formerly dormant issues. The genesis and escalation of the India-China border question was interconnected with the status of Tibet which was viewed by China as part of her own territory and contemplated by India as a semi-independent buffer state.
Erratic course of Indian foreign policy which vacillated between moderation and assertive forward moves on the border, reflected differing attitudes of different sections of the Indian political and military establishment, particularly the army and Intelligence services. The escalation and its dénouement in the fatal military confrontation acquired global significance when it became interconnected with the beginning Sino-Soviet split and American attempts to draw India from her non-aligned status closer to its own orbit. Recently declassified Soviet, American and partly also Indian documents throw new light on this dramatic episode which coincided, almost to a day, with the October 1962 Carribean crisis.
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